ATOM (ATOM-USD) is the native coin of the Cosmos Community. Cosmos is a decentralized community of impartial parallel blockchains developed by The Interchain Basis, a Swiss non-profit. Cosmos permits interoperability between blockchains; usually, blockchain networks are siloed ecosystems that haven’t any openness to talk with one another. Identical to on the Web the place totally different apps and protocols talk with one another, Cosmos is constructing an Web of Blockchains. ATOM powers transactions within the Cosmos ecosystem.
Cosmos achieves interoperability between blockchains utilizing a set of instruments and consensus. Cosmos is a dual-layer blockchain. On the primary layer, the networking and consensus are packaged right into a generic engine; this enables builders to deal with utility improvement somewhat than the complexities of the underlying protocol. Cosmos makes use of the Tendermint BFT for this primary layer; BFT stands for Byzantine Fault Tolerance. Tendermint BFT is answerable for transmitting transaction and consensus-related messages on Cosmos.
The second layer, referred to as the applying layer, permits builders to create their very own blockchains utilizing the Cosmos SDK. The Cosmos SDK is an open-source framework for constructing application-specific blockchains; the blockchains are constructed on prime of Tendermint and may natively interoperate with different blockchains. Blockchains constructed within the Cosmos ecosystem have their very own governance constructions and are impartial of one another; these blockchains are referred to as Zones.
Simply as purposes on the Web use the TCP/IP protocol which allows utility applications and computing gadgets to trade knowledge. Zones within the Cosmos ecosystem use the Inter-Blockchain Communication Protocol (IBC).
On the middle of the Cosmos Community is the Cosmos Hub; it is usually known as the primary chain within the Cosmos Community. The Cosmos Hub acts as a central ledger for different blockchains on the community. It additionally performs capabilities corresponding to holding monitor of the state of all related blockchains to make sure safety. When a Zone is created utilizing the Cosmos SDK, it’s related to a Hub; this provides a newly created Zone the flexibility to interoperate with different Zones by way of the Hub.
Cosmos takes blockchain interoperability a step additional by permitting interoperability with different blockchains outdoors of the Cosmos ecosystem. That is achieved by utilizing a particular blockchain referred to as a Peg Zone. A Peg Zone is a blockchain that tracks the state of one other blockchain, performing as a bridge between two blockchains.
ATOM, the Cosmos native coin, has three primary use circumstances within the Cosmos ecosystem.
Charges: Much like Ethereum’s idea of “fuel”, ATOM is used to pay for community charges on the Cosmos blockchain.
Staking: ATOM may be staked for rewards. Staked ATOM are utilized by validators to participate within the consensus of the community.
Governance: Holders of ATOM can take part in governance voting on the Cosmos Hub. A person’s voting energy is instantly proportional to the quantity of ATOM the person holds.
There are at present over 280,000,000 ATOM in circulation. ATOM is an inflationary coin because it has no provide restrict.
When it comes to current developments, proposal 72 has just lately been accepted by the Cosmos group.
By means of this proposal 150,0000 ATOM, value over $1 million shall be used to develop new initiatives within the realm of interchain safety and liquidity.
50,000 ATOM will go to the P2P staff, who’re launching an “Interchain secured, CosmWasm-enabled chain.” The chain shall be referred to as Neutron, and function a DeFi Hub for Atom.
The opposite two initiatives haven’t been allotted, however shall be used to fund an impartial client chain and likewise good contract purposes on prime of the DeFi Hub.
With this transfer, ATOM strikes nearer in the direction of replicating and even bettering on what may be accomplished within the Ethereum (ETH-USD) blockchain.
From its $0.1 value throughout its Preliminary Coin Providing, ATOM reached an all-time excessive of $44 a token in September 2021, making it a whooping 44,000% achieve in 4 years, on the time it hit all-time excessive. Cosmos is a strong mission with only a few rivals within the blockchain interoperability area. As a blockchain for interoperability, Cosmos is bringing blockchains collectively; this makes Cosmos an awesome “good friend of all” within the blockchain area.
Though Polkadot (DOT-USD) is usually thought-about a Cosmos competitor, its mannequin of implementing interoperability, its structure and governance are totally different from that of Cosmos. Polkadot makes use of a sharding mannequin which includes Parachains and the Relay Chain, whereas the Cosmos Community makes use of a bridge-hub mannequin.
As an inflationary token, new ATOM tokens are minted as reward for staking, therefore there isn’t a capped provide. ATOM’s annual inflation fee is between 7% and 20%. One draw back of inflationary cryptocurrencies is that the provision of the token may simply outpace demand, thereby reducing the worth of the token. Within the Cosmos ecosystem, the whole quantity of ATOM staked has an impression on the inflation fee; if extra ATOM is staked, inflation decreases.
Cosmos is a singular mission. Interoperability is crucial for blockchain know-how, if blockchain know-how is to see mass adoption. The Cosmos Hub has seen plenty of progress over the previous years, and it continues to develop. In style blockchains corresponding to Crypto.com, Fetch.ai and Kava run as Zones on the Cosmos Community. Cosmos is actually dwelling as much as its dubbed title “The Web of Blockchains.” Nonetheless, the inflationary nature of the token makes this much less interesting for traders.